The rock-cut architecture of Mogao Caves in China

Read more
The Mogao Caves is called Mogao Grottoes which is the Cave of the Thousand Buddhas of 492 temples 25km south-east of the center of Dunhuang, an oasis strategically located at a religious and cultural crossroads on the Silk Route, in Gansu Province of China. The caves also known as the Caves of Dunhuang be known, but the term is also used to treat other Buddhist cave sites in the Dunhuang area, such as the Western Thousand Buddha Caves and Grottoes Yulin further. The caves are some of the finest examples of Buddhist art over a period of 1000 years. The first caves were dug out 366CE as places of Buddhist meditation and worship. The Mogao Caves are the best known of the Chinese Buddhist grottoes, along with Longmen Grottoes and Yungang Grottoes are one of the three famous ancient sites of China Buddhist sculptures. A large cache of documents was discovered in 1900, called "Library Cave", which had been bricked in 11 Century. The contents of the library was distributed throughout the world and the largest collection now in Beijing, Paris, London and Berlin. International Dunhuang Project is to coordinate and collect papers on Dunhuang manuscripts and other materials. The caves themselves are now a popular tourist destination with a series of open for your visit.
The caves are examples of rock-cut architecture, but in contrast to Longmen Grottoes and Yungang Grottoes, the local rock is a conglomerate of smooth gravel is not suitable, either in sculpture or elaborate architectural details. Many of the early Buddhist caves seen in the rock previously developed chaitya species in places like caves of Ajanta in India with a central column with square cross section, with sculptures in the niches, the round stupa which can bypass the faithful and blessing. Others are influenced by traditional Chinese architecture and Buddhist temple caves. These caves can be a truncated pyramidal roof sometimes painted to look like a tent or have imitated a flat roof or pitched roof, the traditional building. Some of the caves for meditation cave map used are adaptations of Indian vihara (monastery) and adjoining rooms contain large enough for a person to sit in. Many of the caves originally had wooden porches or in front of temples, built on the cliffs but most of them are damaged or otherwise lost, left with only five, are the first obtained from those two rare examples of the Song Dynasty wooden architecture.
The completely painted caves paint all the walls and ceilings with geometric or plants fill the spaces not figurative images that are mainly made by Buddha. Sculpture is painted in bright colors. The wall paintings in the caves date back over a period of more than a thousand years, from the 5th to 14 Century and many were painted over at a later date in time. The murals are large with an area of 490,000 square feet (45,000 m²). They are appreciated by the scope and diversity of content as well as his art. Topics Buddhists are the most common but some portraits of traditional mythological themes and patterns. These murals document the development of the kinds of Buddhist art in China for almost a thousand years. The art of murals, reached its peak during the Tang Dynasty and the quality of work was reduced after the tenth century. The first pictures show a strong influence in the Indian and Central Asian painting techniques, composition and style of painting, as well as costumes worn by the characters began, but with a different style Dunhuang emerge during the Northern Wei Dynasty. The motives of the Asian and Indian Chinese, means in a single cave and Chinese elements during the Western Wei can be found to be increased.
A common motif in many caves are fully seated areas by rows of small figures of Buddha, after he and other "Thousand Buddha Caves" called covered. These little Buddha extracted using the templates so that the numbers are replicated identical. Flying Apsaras or celestial beings can be represented in the ceiling or on the fo, and the figures of the donor can be displayed along the bottom of the walls. The paintings often show Jataka tales, stories from the life of Buddha or Avadana are parables of the doctrine of karma. Bodhisattvas started during the Northern Zhou period Avalokitesvara (Guanyin), the male was originally displayed, but later acquires the most popular female characteristics. Most show caves Sravakayana influenced Theravada (or Hinayana) and Mahayana, although Mahayana Buddhism became the dominant form during the Sui Dyansty. An innovation of the Sui-Tang period is the visual representation of the sutra - grew complete and detailed narrative paintings Mahayana Buddhist teaching. One of the central features of Tang Mogao Art is the representation of the Pure Land paradise, what the growing popularity of this school of Mahayana Buddhism, the iconography of Tantric Buddhism, Avalokitesvara than eleven thousand points or arms, also began in the Tang, in the murals in the Tang Mogao became popular during the occupation of Tibet from Dunhuang and later periods, especially during the Yuan Dynasty.

The Orkhon Valley, Nomadic Pastoral Traditions of Mongolia

Read more
The Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape (Mongolia) extends along the banks of the Orkhon River in Central Mongolia, about 320km west of the capital Ulaanbaatar, was inscribed on the UNESCO list of cultural heritage of humanity that represents the evolution of nomadic pastoral traditions for over two millennia. The Orkhon Valley was viewed as the seat of the imperial power of the steppes for many centuries.


 The first evidence comes from a stone stele with runic inscriptions, erected in the valley by Bilge Khan, an eighth Century ruler of the empire was Göktürk. About 25km north of the stele, in the shadow of the sacred mountain forests Ötüken was his Ordu or nomadic capital. During the reign of the valley curb Qidan stele was described in three languages to accommodate the works of a few potentates Qidan.
Mountains were considered sacred as the axis mundi in Tengriism but Ötüken was especially sacred by the spirits of ancestors and beys resided here khagans. Moreover, a force called qut believe, comes from this mountain, granting the governing khagan divine law, the Turkish tribes. Who controlled this valley was considered heavenly appointed leader of the Turks and could rally the tribes. Thus, control of the Orkhon Valley was of utmost strategic importance for every Turkish state. Historically, each Turkish capital (Ordu) retired here for the same reason. There were many houses of the shore, but are now all gone.

The Amazing Vista of Mesa Verde National Park in USA

Read more
amazing-vista-of-mesa-verde-national-park-in-usa
Mesa Verde National Park Entrance
Mesa Verde National Park is one of the national park in the United States and UNESCO World Heritage Site in the south-western part of the state of Colorado. This Park is famous for its caves which protects incredibly well preserved. In fact, they are one of the most interesting archaeological sites in North America. Mesa Verde is also different plateau desert landscape and rugged canyons. The name of the park is Spanish for "green table", based on the vegetation on top of the countries in this region. Mesa Verde Puebloans chose as their colony 1400 years ago, the creation of semi-subterranean houses a small (large holes in the ground with a wooden roof) on top of Mesa.
At the time, they were nomadic and hunted with spears and weavers were qualified. Finally, they began to cultivate the Mesa tops, learned to make pottery, bows and arrows, spears, not fashion. As the population grew, the last Puebloans pithouses reeds and mud houses built on the land. Semi-subterranean houses were kivas (ceremonial rooms) which is at the top of the plateau villages larger and more complex. Size of the stones and dirt poles replaced the houses where the villages have grown two or three floors, has become more compact and had plenty of room.
amazing-vista-of-mesa-verde-national-park-in-usa
Caves View in Mesa Verde National Park
Meanwhile, replaced baskets ceramic vessel longer than is necessary. About 1200 Pueblo began to fall below projections found in the canyon cliffs. Here they built a city with high-rise structures located 100-400 people. However, these figures surprising Puebloans used for less than 100 years. About 100 million years Mesa Verde and the surrounding area were covered shallow sea and sandy sediments cemented sandstone layers that make up a large part of the geology of the park. In the sea to the south of the region a plateau of Mesa Verde was created to increase. Over time, small streams cut channels into the tray, making deep gorges that separate the individual tables. South shelf extends like fingers in the desert.
From the entrance to Montezuma Valley, the level rises substantially flat upper edge of the plate. Its heights is about 6100 over 8400 meters from the company upside above sea level. There are many animals in the park. Mule deer are common, as the wild turkey from the service park will be restored. You can also see squirrels, skunks or incidental black bear around the camp. See other mammals in the park include coyote, gray fox, mountain lion, bear, moose, marmots, and porcupines excepting various kinds of birds in the Park Mesa Verde which attracts the viewers.
The other magical things of this canyons to find warblers, flycatchers, woodpeckers, jays, hawks, chickadees, titmice and other species. Hawks can, golden eagle and peregrine falcon on the edge of the table on Montezuma Valley can be seen. Mesa Verde is located in a residential area of Sonora, high arid climate, altitude and pinion juniper forests are characterized. Wormwood are Douglas fir and Ponderous pine usual. Gambel oak is found in abundance in the camp Morefield. Mesa Verde is a kind of seasonal park when it is open all year round, most of the services offered from April to October.

The Grand Canyon-The enormous tourist attractions in U.S.A

Read more
Grand Canyon-Tourist Attractions in U.S.AThe Grand Canyon is one of the enormous traveler attractions in the United States, located in northern Arizona. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The gigantic canyon includes some separate areas, mostly famed of which is Grand Canyon National Park. The national park is separated into two main regions: North Rim and South Rim.
Additionally, the southwestern end of the canyon is situated inside the borders of two Indian reservations: the Havasupai Indian Reservation and the Hualapai Indian Reservation. All of the parts of the park present amenities for guests. The South Rim is the most well-liked region and the best location to lever the millions of annual tourists.
The Grand Canyon is a gigantic canyon engraved more than numerous million years by the Colorado River. In the canyon the rock levels display uncovered more than two billion years of geologic history.
President Theodore Roosevelt was the founder of the park and the park became a national park in 1919. The ensuing scenery offers tourists with a number of the most wonderful and incomparable views on the world.

Grand Canyon-Tourist Attractions in U.S.A
There are some animals live in the park and most of them can be seen occasionally. You will see some common birds in the park, such as Canyon Wrens,Stellar's Jays, hummingbirds, swallows, and the playful and enjoyable Raven. Mule Deer are ordinary and other types of Elk can be seen in the national park. Generally Black Bears are unusual and they usually live away from the peopled areas.
The mainly remarkable is the Grand Canyon Rattlesnake; with its glowing color (almost pink) it smartly unify into the rocky land of the canyon. They are attractive to observe only if it is at a secure distance. The significant Watchtower is a well-liked spot for a lot of tourists and it is the best viewing point for the canyon and Colorado River. The trailhead of the Bright Angel Trail, historic constructions, and huge crowds make the park more pleasant. There are some additional viewpoints alongside the road linking Hermit's Rest and Grand Canyon Village.
"The Grand Canyon fills me with awe. It is beyond comparison—beyond description; absolutely unparalleled throughout the wide world."Theodore Roosevelt.

Denali National Park in the state of Alaska in U.S.A

Read more
Denali National Park Alaska:
Denali National Park Alaska in U.S.ADenali National Park is recognized to the native Athabascan and the one of famous Park in United States. The Park is located in the state of Alaska, 120 miles (193 km) south of Fairbanks and 240 miles (386 km) north of Anchorage.The Park is home to Mt. McKinley and it is the highest mountain of North America.
Besides, the park shields a surprising wilds spot that includes caribou, grizzly bears, wolves, moose and many other creatures.
Denali National Park Alaska
Denali National Park covers an enormous area of six million acres, partially more than the whole state of Massachusetts. In 1917 the park was established as a wildlife sanctuary.As a part of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) in 1980 the park was renamed and extended in range by four million acres. Nowadays the park is controlled as three separate units. The active glaciated scenery offers big rivers, countless lakes and ponds and exclusive landforms which form the establishment of the ecosystems that boost Denali.
Denali National Park Alaska-Animals
The park is massive and the gigantic popularity of it is easy to get to only on foot or by dog sled.The first 15 miles of the park road are open to traffic and the vehicle parked buses are available for visitors to go on. At least, visitors should try to catch a bus of Eilson which is a tourist center of incredible mountain views. Many adventurous visitors want to spend a few nights in a tent in the Wonder Lake campground.

Please note:
Savage River: Almost everyone who makes a stop at Denali River Wild, because the traffic is not allowed beyond this point for private vehicles. There are many ways on both sides of the river, which may differ from the parking lot, and adventurers try to look for Dall sheep on top of Mount Margaret climbs across the river, across the parking lot.
Polychrome Pass: The name of colored lanterns in the region, Polychrome Overlook offers a spectacular view of the chain of Alaska. Polychrome Shuttle comes only once a day - usually in the afternoon, to provide opportunities for photography, good night and a light short journey into the park if you are short time and prefer the last output are available.
Eielson Visitor Center Eielson is most easily reached by bus, and offers one of the most spectacular views of the mountain, if you're lucky, one day, when they are visiting is not shrouded in clouds. There are several short hiking trails around the visitor center and displays inside the visitors center provides information on the natural history of the region.
Wonder Lake: Photos immortalized by Ansel Adams, Wonder Lake is a beautiful lake at the foot of the mountain. Pond, along the park road on the east side of the lake is a favorite of photographers, when the mountain is out. A strongly marked path to the braid of the McKinley River is worthwhile to get an idea of the McKinley River.